Effective ways to restore the nasal mucosa
The nasal mucosa performs important functions and protects the upper respiratory tract from pollution and hypothermia. And therefore, her injuries can disturb breathing and cause severe discomfort. But to restore the mucous is quite possible if you use effective and proven methods.
Causes of damage to the nasal mucosa
Mucous membranes are called so for a reason: they produce mucus, which performs many important functions, depending on the localization of the site. So, the nasal cavity takes the most direct part in breathing and cleans the air, and also maintains its optimum temperature. But, unfortunately, the shell may suffer from the impact of some negative factors. These include the following:
- Prolonged use of vasoconstrictor drops. They reduce the natural tone of the mucous membranes, damage them and disrupt the blood supply.
- Prolonged use of antihistamines also adversely affects the mucous membranes and contributes to their thinning.
- Chronic diseases of the nasal cavity, in particular rhinitis. With it, there is inflammation, which provokes damage to the membranes of the nasal cavity.
- Allergic reactions. The main load falls on the nose and its mucous membranes, because allergens soaring in the air during breathing immediately get here and contribute to irritation and thinning of the lining layer.
- Mechanical effect, for example, with a rough and careless cleansing of the nasal passages.
- Some endocrine diseases. When they are observed violations of metabolic substances that impair nutrition of the mucous membranes, which adversely affects their condition.
- Unfavorable climatic conditions, for example, excessively dry or cold air.
- Damage to the membrane of the nasal passages due to polluted air, such as highly dusty.
- Unfavorable environmental conditions: smog, air pollution.
- Work in hazardous conditions: inhalation of chemical vapors, contact with aggressive substances.
- Some pathologies of the structure of the nasal passages.
- Bad habits: smoking, using drugs (especially through inhalation).
How to identify the problem?
Find out that the nasal mucosa is damaged or thinned, will allow the following unpleasant symptoms:
- burning and itching in the nose, aggravated by temperature changes, sharp odors;
- reduction or complete loss of smell;
- frequent sneezing;
- difficulty breathing or nasal congestion (both of one nasal passage, and both at once);
- the appearance of crusts on the walls of the nasal passages (their separation can cause discomfort or pain);
- frequent nasal bleeding associated with thinning of the mucous membrane and close proximity of capillaries;
- feeling of tightness, dryness.
How to quickly restore the nasal mucosa? To do this, you need to visit an otolaryngologist, who will help to find out and eliminate the causes of damage and thinning. Effective complex therapy may include several areas, and the main ones are discussed below.
To restore the mucous membrane of the nose at home apply the tools of the following groups:
- Homeopathic remedies such as Edas-131, Tuya GF, Delufen, Euphorbium and others.
- Drops and other products based on oils. These include "Pinosol," which contains oils of mint, eucalyptus and pine, tocopherol acetate and thymol. Also in pharmacies you can find nasal drops "Pinovit", which are analogous to the previous described means.
- Medicines based on salt solutions or purified sea water. Their components have antibacterial, regenerating, moisturizing, cleansing and antiseptic properties that help restore damaged walls of the nasal passages. This group includes "Aqua Maris", "Dolphin", "Physiomer", "Salin". But if the integrity of the shells and significant damage to such drugs can exacerbate the condition, so they should be applied moderately and carefully.
- Separately worth highlighting "Derinat". It contains deoxyribonucleate and sodium chloride and has a pronounced immunomodulatory effect, provides protection against pathogenic microorganisms, triggers regeneration, restoration and repair, and also forms a protective barrier layer on the membranes and prevents their further damage.
- "Sialor" is an analogue of protargol, which is a component based on silver. The tool has anti-inflammatory, wound-healing and antiseptic properties, thanks to which it can be used for the thinning of mucous membranes and rhinitis.
Physiotherapeutic procedures can also be prescribed to restore the nasal mucosa. Thus, ultrasonic disintegration is effective, during which a specialized device is used that radiates ultrasonic waves and acts on the nasal passages. This method allows to coagulate the vessels and thereby reduce the volume of damaged mucous membranes and to expand the passages.
Another method used is cryotherapy. In this procedure, the upper layers of damaged membranes are frozen by liquid nitrogen and destroyed, which further contributes to the regeneration and the formation of new healthy cells. In some cases, a full recovery requires multiple sessions.
Try to use such folk remedies as:
- Aloe juice has regenerating and anti-inflammatory properties.To obtain it, put a sheet of a plant in a refrigerator for a day, then chop and squeeze the liquid. Bury it in each nasal passage, drop by drop, twice a day.
- It is possible to use natural oils, such as sea buckthorn, peach, olive oil, for lubricating the cavity.
- Infusion of propolis in milk. Boil a glass of milk, immerse in it a tablespoon of crushed propolis. Leave the mixture for three hours, covered with a lid. Strain the liquid and dig in a couple drops in each nasal passage several times a day. The product is stored in the refrigerator, but it heats up before use.
- Crush the onion, squeeze the juice, mix with the same amount of natural honey and use this kind of ointment for regular lubrication.
- You can rinse your nose with decoctions of herbs prepared on the basis of chamomile, sage, oak bark, coltsfoot and some other medicinal plants. A glass of water requires one or two tablespoons of raw materials. The composition is boiled for ten minutes, infused for an hour, filtered and used twice a day.
It remains only to recall that the thinned and damaged nasal mucosa is not only discomfort, but also impaired breathing and smell. Restore her in time to live a normal life.