How to grow strong, good seedlings of peppers

You will need
  • - pepper seeds
  • - "shkolka" (container, box for plants, plastic packaging from products)
  • - soil (50% of sod land, 25% of humus or compost, 25% of river sand)
  • - 100-150 g of dolomite flour or hydrated lime
  • - nitroammophoska - 50-70 g per bucket of soil
  • - bucket
  • - scoop
  • - solution of potassium permanganate
  • - water
  • - glass or cellophane for the manufacture of microparnik
  • - lamp for lighting
Pepper is a very complex and tempting shrub. Growing this delicious vegetable, you can get on your dining table a product rich in vitamin “C”, “P”, “B1”, “B2”, carotene and other useful components. In its wild form, pepper grew in tropical areas. The preferred place of cultivation is moderate southern, subtropical and tropical latitudes. The moisture-loving and heat-loving culture, loves structural soils with a high content of nutrients and organic matter.
Where to start to grow good seedlings of peppers? First pick the seeds:
1. Seeds should be fresh, because pepper retains its germination 2 years.
2. Seeds need to be germinated by placing in a damp cloth and keeping in a plastic bag at a temperature of 23-27 degrees with daily ventilation.
After swelling of 20-30% of seeds and germination of sprouts, it is important not to miss the moment and immediately germinate seed germinated into the ground. But for this we will prepare the ground for seeding.
Pepper responds very well to organic. We prepare the soil with a content of 25% compost or rotted manure, 50% sod land and 25% sand, be sure to add dolomite flour (150 g. To the bucket of ready-made soil), the pepper does not tolerate any acidic soil. From mineral fertilizers add nitroammofosku at the rate of 50-70 g per bucket of soil. Stir the soil thoroughly. It is desirable to steam all the soil components over the “water bath” - this contributes to the disinfection of the soil.
We are preparing a "school" for growing seedlings, followed by picking. We take a clean container with drainage holes and pour drainage consisting of expanded clay or red, broken brick.Next on the drainage pour the ready soil layer of 5-7 cm and above. The distance from the surface of the soil to the upper edge of the tank should be 1.5-2 cm. It is good to spill the soil with a hot strong solution of "potassium permanganate". We make grooves with a depth of 5 mm at a distance of 3-4 cm, gently tweezers, spread the seeds into the grooves at a distance of 2 cm between the seeds and fill them with soil with the addition of 50% sand, or you can simply trim the grooves with the seeded seeds. Cover the “school” with glass or cellophane and set it in a warm place. The required temperature for germination from 25 to 27 degrees. Shoots may appear on the 5-10 day. Pepper is not only a heat-loving culture, but also light-loving, it is for this reason that after the appearance of the first shoots we take out the container from the microhouse (cellophane) and put it in a bright place, the temperature for seedlings is maintained in the aisles of 20-23 degrees during the day and lowered to 17-18 degrees at night.