How to make a roof
You will need
- - wooden bars;
- - boards;
- - roofing material;
- - metal corners;
- - metal brackets;
- - other fasteners (nails, screws);
- - a set of carpentry tools.
Familiarize yourself with the pitched roof. As a rule, it includes mauerlat, truss system, ridge beam and crate. On top of the whole structure, the roofing material you have chosen is attached.
Along the perimeter of the erected walls of the structure, lay the mauerlat - wooden bars, to which the rafters are attached. Usually the bars are interconnected by metal angles or steel brackets.
Build a truss structure. When installing a pitched roof, the rafters are often released outside the edge of the wall, making a kind of overhang of the roof. This helps protect the walls of the building from moisture rolling off the roof. Gather rafters directly on the roof. As a result, you should have a complete system consisting of rafter legs, struts and puffs.Each individual truss truss attached to the mauerlat.
Connect the separate truss sections with the upper ridge beam, then proceed to the installation of the batten. The easiest way to assemble the crate from boards, scored "in the run" or in a continuous way. Removing the remnants of the bark from the planks, and then nailing them to the outer surface of the rafters. If you make a crate solid, it is necessary to trim the boards so that they fit more closely one to the other.
Lay the roofing material on top of the sheathing. In modern individual construction uses a wide range of coatings. This may be sheet metal, slate, ordinary tile or its analogs on a metallized base. Each type of material during installation has its own characteristics.
Attaching sheets of roofing material to the roof structure, use special mounting screws, equipped with rubberized gasket. This will avoid water flowing under the coating.
Arranging the roof, remember that she will have to bear a serious load during snowfall or bad weather. All elements of the roof should be carefully fitted to each other and securely attached to the crate in a manner recommended by the manufacturer.