How is oil mined?
Oil is the black gold of the nation. It is thanks to oil that humanity has fuel for the operation of cars, airplanes and ships. Not only gasoline is produced from oil, but also diesel fuel, kerosene, gas mixtures (butane and propane). Also, oil is used in the production of building materials and various rubber. For the manufacture of lubricants and oils also used oil. "Black Gold" is used in the manufacture of detergents. This is not a complete list of the use of oil, it is a very demanded raw material today. In order to get all these necessary and necessary substances, you need to know where and how oil is extracted.
Before receiving oil, a complex and lengthy process takes place at the location of deposits of this fluid. Companies that are engaged in oil production, use special equipment, use the services of geologists. But no matter how many calculations using the most accurate technology and great minds can be, knowing for sure where the oil is is simply impossible. In order to find oil, soil studies are being carried out, which are not always crowned with success. Before they find oil, they make a lot of “empty” wells.To find a commercially suitable well, you can drill up to 200 wells located right next to the “black substance” deposits. Such a lottery is not always justified. The services of workers and all drilling equipment cost a lot, you can lose a lot of money before you find a “gold mine”. The main thing that needs to be discovered is the place where the so-called “traps” are concentrated. These are the places where oil (gas) accumulates, due to the specific structure of the earth's interior. You can say this is a kind of excavation under the ground where the oil flows. If such a place is found, the production of the desired substances is established there.
Oil production methods
- The way is mechanized. When a source is discovered, special systems are required to extract oil from the earth’s interior. By means of the drill drill a well. Before installing the technique, measure the distance directly to the oil deposits. Then, to the depth, where the deposits are concentrated, pipes are carried along which oil must rise to the top. The pump is placed in this system from pipes. It is connected to a transformer, which supplies energy for work. This transformer is located on the ground.From it is a long cable, which is connected to the pump. The entire process must be carefully monitored. Therefore, near the entire power supply system to the pump there are always people who control the process. The system, which is placed in the well through pipes, consists of the pump itself, special pipes and the engine. With this pump, the oil must rise from the well. This is how oil is pumped with the help of technology.
- The second method is the fountain one. This method is applied without special expenses for additional mechanisms. Oil moves to the surface with the help of reservoir natural energy under the influence of some equipment, and in some cases even without it. The fact is that oil is under enormous pressure of earth rocks. And if you punch her way, she will certainly start to beat the fountain. The pressure of oil is so great that it can form a fountain even at the slightest touch of a drill to the upper layer covering it. A well is drilled and special reinforcement is installed at the surface base. Thanks to this technique, the fountain of oil can be adjusted (strengthen, reduce, stop).And a special column is lowered into the well itself at a distance of the location of the deposits. It consists of pipes and pumps. Oil under its pressure makes its way out, where it is collected in containers. When the pressure of oil drops (it depends on the reduction of its amount in the ground), the valve is removed. In its place establish mechanisms that will continue to collect "black gold".