How to sterilize jars at home - the most popular ways. Sterilization of cans with blanks
There are several ways to sterilize jars at home. Empty tare can be processed inmicrowave, atmulticooker, in the oven, in the pan and steamed. The exposure time depends on the volume of dishes. An empty three-liter bottle is usually sterilized from 25 minutes to half an hour, a two-piece bottle - at least 20 minutes, a liter jar - 15-20 minutes, and half a liter - no more than 15 minutes.
For jars with blanks there are their own time parameters, which are usually always indicated by the authors of the recipes. Therefore, before you start to sterilize the prepared preservation at home, carefully study the requirements of the prescription and strictly follow them.Then, the seaming will be delicious and will continue without any problems until winter, even without a refrigerator.
How to prepare jars and lids for sterilization
Preparing glass containers for canning is a simple process. How to properly prepare the jars and lids for sterilization, explains just two simple rules.
- Banks used for seaming vegetables and fruits for future use must be completely intact. It is unacceptable that on the neck, bottom or walls there were any, even minimal defects, palpable at hand (cracks,cracks, chips, etc.). If there are inaccuracies on the glass, in the process of processing it may burst, thus spoiling the products, and nullifying the work undertaken on the preparation of home billets.
- Covers must also be selected carefully. It is necessary to acquire only high-quality products made of extremely durable tin-coated sheet coated with a special varnish resistant to high temperatures. This thin, inconspicuous film prevents the products from contacting the metal. Due to such reliable protection, the lid does not oxidize and does not rust even in the course of very long storage, and the seasons retain the original taste and bright aroma.
Immediately before preparing the lids and jars for the sterilization process itself, they must be thoroughly rinsed off from dirt and dust particles. Classic cleaning and detergent preparations are not worth taking. They are too concentrated and very poorly washed out, especially from glass surfaces. It is better to use the so-called "grandmother's means", namely, ordinary baking soda. It literally in an instant will remove any impurities that are invisible to the human eye, and make the dishes crystal clear.
The covers need to carefully check the internal rubber gaskets. They should be elastic and tight, keep their shape and not even have a hint ofrift. Otherwise, tightness is not guaranteed and the internal contents of the can may deteriorate.
How to sterilize the banks inmicrowaveand whether it can be done
Quite a few housewives are often interested in how to sterilize jars inmicrowaveand whether it can be done. Of course, it is possible and the process does not constitute any difficulty. At the bottom of each tank pour a centimeter layer of water and place the container in the oven. At a power level of 800 W, banks are sterilized inmicrowavefrom 2 to 3 minutes. During this time, the liquid has time to boil well, and the created vapor kills all bacteria that have settled on the glass surface.
How to sterilize the banks inmulticooker- Video instruction
How to properly sterilize cans for home preservation inmulticookersays the author of the video. The proposed method is not laborious and takes a minimal amount of time.
How to sterilize the jars in the oven and how long it takes
Before sterilizing the jars in the oven, rinse them thoroughly with water and, when wet, send them for processing at a temperature of 160 ° C. How many minutes will be required for this is not clearly stipulated anywhere, and usually the process of sterilizing the cans in the oven is observed in real time. When the container is completely dry under the influence of heat, it is removed from the oven and placed on a kitchen table covered with a clean towel. Carry out this procedure immediately before the upcoming roll-in.
How to sterilize jars at home for a couple
How to sterilize the cans at home on a couple knew even our grandmothers.This method of processing containers for conservation is considered the oldest and most common. From improvised means used only medium-sized kettle or standard enameled pan. The selected container is filled with water and set on fire. Top put a sieve with a metal mesh or lattice from the oven. On this honeycomb surface, the banks that need to be cleaned are placed upside down. Steam, which is formed as a result of boiling water, processes the glass and within 14-16 minutes completely destroys all the germs lurking on the surface.
Sterilized steamed at home banks without turning over, arrange on a dry kitchen towel, and then filled with necessary products and rolled tin lids.
How to sterilize cans in boiling water
In order to sterilize cans in boiling water, a large and capacious enameled pan is required. At the bottom you need to put a wooden cutting board or a piece of thick linen fabric, and place the dishes on top that require cleaning. To fill in capacity with water so that banks were on a neck are covered.Heat the liquid over low heat, and when it starts to bubble, boil for 15 minutes, carefully observing that the containers do not touch. At the end of time, remove, without waiting for cooling, fill with vegetable or fruit mass and immediately roll up.
How to sterilize jars with blanks
Before sterilizing jars with vegetable or fruit preparations, it is necessary to select a suitable container. This may be a wide pan or enamel basin with high sides. The main thing is that several bottles with conservation are placed in this container.
First, the selected dishes are filled with water, the bottom is lined with linen cloth or kitchen towel and sent to the stove. When the liquid boils, special iron tongs are lowered into the jars with blanks and proceed to sterilization, carefully watching that the water does not get inside.
In cooking recipes, as a rule, they always indicate exactly how many minutes a particular product is required to process. But if the author forgot to indicate such important information, you can use universal information, according to which vegetable salads, pickled and salted tomatoes and cucumbers sterilize for 17-20 minutes, mushroom blanks - up to 25 minutes, and fruit preservation - no more than 10-15 minutes.During this time, all microorganisms and bacteria die and tasty seals are beautifully stored until the winter season.