How to tie cucumbers?
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Tying cucumbers is a very useful agrotechnical technique widely used in the cultivation of this vegetable crop.
Why do I need to tie cucumbers?
Some gardeners mistakenly think that only those cucumbers that grow in greenhouses or greenhouses need to be tied up, and this should be done mainly in order to save space, but on open beds where there is plenty of space, this time-consuming procedure can be completely neglected. But really, why do extra work, if the lash of cucumbers, even without that, year after year, they grow beautifully right on the ground?
But not everything is as simple as it seems at first glance! The adherents of the old-fashioned methods of growing cucumbers simply do not understand that the main meaning of tying up cucumbers lies not at all in the saved meters of land. Cucumber lashes tied to supports form more ovaries and, consequently, produce greater yield.
In addition, in the upright position of the plant is better illuminated by the sun, which meansthat cucumbers ripen on them faster, and due to the fact that their leaves do not come into contact with cold and damp soil, cucumbers are much less sick and are affected by rot and garden pests.
In addition to the above, it is worth noting the fact that it is much easier to harvest from tied cucumbers, which, you see, is also important.
How to tie cucumbers growing in the open field?
When do you need to make the first garter?
Tying up very small cucumbers is simply meaningless, but it’s also not too slow with the first garter, as overgrown cucumber whips will break during this procedure. Therefore, the best time to start their garter comes when the fifth true leaf appears on the cucumber shoots and the seedlings themselves grow to 30 centimeters.
Ways and methods of tying
The scourge of cucumbers is tied to a wire or rope with soft and wide (3-5 cm wide) ribbons cut from cotton or linen fabric. In extreme cases, for the garter, you can use thick and soft, be sure to natural twine. Under the cucumber ribbon sheet, a loop is made around the stem, and then its ends are wrapped around a wire support and tied with a bow.At the same time, neither the loop nor the knots tighten up so as not to damage the whip!
Cucumbers growing on the beds can be tied up in two ways: on horizontal trellis or on individual vertical supports.
In order to properly tie cucumbers onto horizontal trellis, they first construct a horizontal trellis - at the opposite ends of the cucumber beds vertically two powerful two-meter supports (metal pipes or wooden bars) are vertically buried in several parallel horizontal rows of thick wire or rope. To this wire and tie up further lash cucumbers - first to the bottom row, and as they grow and to the subsequent, higher levels.
In order to tie cucumbers to vertical supports, at first along the edges of the garden they drive in powerful supports with a height of at least two meters. Further along the top of the supports a horizontal crossbar is laid - a steel pipe or a wooden beam (instead of a rigid crossbar between vertical supports, sometimes they pull a thick steel wire).
As a result of these works, a U-shaped arch is formed above the bed.Then a peg is driven into the ground near each cucumber plant, a long piece of wire or a thick rope is attached to it, the second end of which is lifted up and tied to a horizontal crossbar. Thus, a structure is created from individual vertical supports, to which the cucumbers are lined up.
How to tie cucumbers in a greenhouse?
In greenhouses, cucumbers are tied up in a similar way - on individual vertical rope supports or on horizontal trellis. In addition, in large greenhouses for tying cucumbers still use vertical wooden ladders or a special grid. These types of supports are good because cucumbers do not need to be tied with ribbons or strings - the plants themselves cling to their cells with their antennae.