Not dull beds
Such a seemingly simple dacha "construction" as a bed needs our close attention. After all, not only the yield of garden crops depends on their location, height, filling and shape, but also the appearance of the site where we (not to admit it) not only work “like Papa Carlo”, but also rest. And we, of course, would like to see our country oasis of work and tranquility well-groomed and beautiful.
The beds should be located in length from north to south. So the soil warms better, and vegetables get more sunshine. If your site is located on a gentle slope, build beds across it, and if the slope is very steep, organize terraces (also across) and build boxes-beds there. So you can avoid the "flushing" of the soil with flood waters and rain.
Shape of beds
The shape of the beds depends entirely on your imagination! You can make them square, rectangular, round, in the form of a trapezoid, in the form of any objects, animals, etc. And it is not necessary to construct the beds of the correct form, not at all! You can arrange them, following the natural roundness of the relief,and the rejection of strict straight lines will not only provide an aesthetic effect, but will also allow for better use of garden land. Look how beautiful the beds look unusual shape in landscape design!
The size of the beds
The size of the beds can be anything, but (!) They must be such that you easily reach the middle of the path. And if you built the bed close to the wall or fence, estimate the distance, based on whether you reach the opposite side with your hands - usually the width of the wall bed does not exceed 80 cm. The standard size of the free-standing bed: 1 m wide length and 30-50 cm in depth.
Although, I repeat, you can vary the size at your own discretion - as long as you feel comfortable. The distance between the beds is usually made 40-50 cm. This is quite enough to comfortably sit, caring for garden crops and when harvesting. The paths should be below the level of the surface layer of the bed by 30-50 cm.
Features of the organization of beds
You are free to place the beds anywhere and in any way, but there are some location features that should be considered.
The organization of beds in the lowlands
It is better to build beds in lowland wet areas of the garden in the autumn, make them small (1x1 m can be) and not overestimate by more than 30 cm. Then the soil will get better, the snow will come down faster in the spring, and you can sow garden crops . Knock down 4 boards (1x1 m), place the structure on a horizontal surface, fill it with earth mixed with manure, compost and mineral fertilizers, that's all - the bed is ready. To heighten the effect, you can beautifully draw borders.
For an early and more abundant harvest, and just for beauty, it makes sense to make raised beds. To do this, in the place chosen by you, dig a hole 40 cm deep, and dig a dug out to the side for a while. The length of the pit is chosen arbitrarily, but the width is 1-1.2 m, so that later it would be convenient for you to take care of the plants. On the perimeter of the pit, install a frame of stones, bricks, logs or other material to a height of 40-50 cm. Close it from the inside with a polyethylene film, and put a net of steel wire on the bottom of the pit (this will protect the crop from harmful rodents).
Put the long-decaying organic material into the pit with the first layer: trimming boards, chips, cloth (NOT synthetics!), Twigs, paper, cardboard, etc. Fill the beds by about 1/3 with these “goodies”, sprinkle a little with earth and spill the layer well with water. Next, fill the bed to the top of the soil, mixed with manure, compost, mineral fertilizers and again spill water. That's all the wisdom. Just keep in mind that next year the earth will settle by 15-20 cm and you will need to update the upper layer, so prepare the fertile land in advance.
How to arrange the beds in a small area?
If you have a very small area, and you want to organize as many beds as possible, except for the usual location, use any horizontal surfaces and hanging structures. You can combine a recreation area with decoratively decorated beds, using multi-tiered structures, spiral-shaped and other options.
When organizing beds, do not forget that its surface must be strictly horizontal in order to avoid accumulation of moisture in an overestimated place and overmoistening in an underestimated.
Features of soil treatment in garden beds
The land on the beds is usually dug up twice, in spring and autumn, making the necessary mineral and organic fertilizers. When digging in the fall, it is better to leave the ground blocky in order to keep as much moisture as possible in the beds. In addition, with a lumpy digging, the larvae and eggs of soil pests almost completely freeze. It is possible to replace the autumn digging with mulching - fill the soil with a thick layer of peat, sawdust, the composted paste, etc. In spring, do not repartition the layer with a rake and dig out the ground. Digging into the bayonet shovels for garden beds with vegetables or flowers is enough. And if the soil in your area is light and crumbly, spring digging can be replaced by loosening.
How to make beautiful bumpers for the beds?
Of course, not all gardeners are concerned about the beautiful design of the beds for the beds. Many use separation paths, some knock down boards with a square or perimeter, install these structures on a horizontal surface and everything. But you and I want to arrange everything beautifully, right? Therefore, I present you with several photographs, where you can clearly see how it is possible to beautifully decorate the sides of the beds with simple hand tools or purchased materials.
Here, we used ready-made bumpers for beds made of plastic, bought in a store.
The sides of these beds are lined with white brick
Here the sides are paved with stone blocks.
This bed is decorated with sides of colored slate
On these elevated beds the skirts are made of ordinary boxes for containers. There are doubts about their strength, but, undoubtedly, the beds look original))
You can use any kind of material at hand to design the side walls: boards, large stones, bricks, cut pieces of slate, wicker, etc. In addition, the “borted” beds do not crawl, they keep their shape better and are more convenient to use.