Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes Risk Factors
There are several risk factors that can affect the likelihood of your having at some point in your life. These include:
- or being overweight.Four of every five cases of type 2 diabetes occur in people who are overweight. This is the greatest single risk factor for type 2 diabetes — and one you can control. "Walking 30 minutes a day and reducing weight by 5 percent can decrease that risk by 60 percent over three years," advises Vivian Fonseca, MD, chief of endocrinology at Tulane University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans.
- Prediabetes.Prediabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar levels are above normal but have not reached the level needed for a diabetes diagnosis. There are no symptoms at this stage, so you have to find out from a doctor if you have this. You still have a chance to prevent or slow the progression of diabetes at this point by bringing down your blood sugar levels.
- Family history.There is a strong genetic link to type 2 diabetes. If a parent or sibling has developed the disease, you are at increased risk. However, research has established that healthy diet and exercise habits trump inherited type 2 diabetes risk for most people.
- Physically inactive lifestyle.If you exercise fewer than three times a week, you are at risk for type 2 diabetes. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise five or more days a week.
- Native American, Alaska native, African-American, Asian-American, Pacific Islander, or Hispanic heritage.People in these minority groups are more likely to get type 2 diabetes, although the reasons why are not yet fully understood.
- Prior gestational diabetes diagnosis.If you were told during a pregnancy that you had gestational diabetes (pregnancy-related diabetes) you are at increased risk for getting it again in another pregnancy and have a 20 percent risk of developing type 2 diabetes within nine years of your pregnancy. Your children are also at increased risk of diabetes.
- Birth of a baby over nine pounds in weight.Women who have delivered a baby weighing over nine pounds at birth are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
- High blood pressure or treatment for high blood pressure.If your blood pressure is 140/99 mm Hg or higher — or a doctor or nurse has confirmed that you have high blood pressure — you are at risk for type 2 diabetes. The relationship between diabetes and hypertension is most likely due to a common root cause in being overweight or obese. Many of the same exercise and diet changes that address blood pressure also help with type 2 diabetes.
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) diagnosis.By some estimates, a woman diagnosed with PCOS — a hormone imbalance disorder — has a seven times greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than her peers.
- Dark, velvety rash around the armpits or neck.A dermatological condition called acanthosis nigricans that causes these visible changes in coloring also quadruples the risk of insulin resistance, a precursor to type 2 diabetes. These patients often have many other type 2 diabetes risk factors, such as a strong family history, excess weight, and high blood pressure.
- History of heart disease.
- Low "good" cholesterol levels.If your HDL (good cholesterol) levels are lower than 35 mg/dL, you are at increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
- High triglyceride levels.Triglycerides are a kind of fat found in your blood. If your levels are 250 mg/dL or more, you are at increased risk.
Video: Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms
10 Things Men Wear That Should Be Major Red Flags
How to Have a Great Relationship with Your Boyfriend
Heres Your First Look at Adeles Newest Music Video
10 Summer Camps for Grownups
Steven Spielberg quits as Olympic advisor
The 8 Most WTF Moments from MTV’s 2019 VMAs
3 Ways to Adjust
Neck Length Bob Haircut – Jennifer Aniston’s Hairstyles
MS drops star-studded ads
Date: 03.12.2018, 00:28 / Views: 92132