The 10 most unusual frogs in the world
You will certainly be surprised if you find out that frogs appeared on the globe at the same time as dinosaurs. For such a long period of time, tailless amphibians were able to perfectly adapt to the environment. And this primarily contributes to their color, which can vary from neutral green, brown or gray, allowing frogs to go unnoticed among lush vegetation or on the rocky shore of the reservoir.
But on the other hand, nature decided to isolate the poisonous representatives of these tailless amphibians, painting their skin in the brightest colors of the rainbow, which can surprisingly be combined, thus warning the predators about the danger.
In addition to the original colors, frogs can "boast" and bizarre shapes, and sizes that can surprise the most experienced inhabitant of our planet. From a huge number of species of “willow”, we selected 10 of the most unusual and amazing members of this family.We invite you to plunge into the fantastic "froggy" world, amazing imagination with its non-trivial appearance, sometimes just shocking. So sit back, we start ...
Unique fascinating views
1. Brazilian slingshotconsidered the largest species in the genus Ceratophrys. Adults can reach a length of 23 centimeters. In this case, the head is approximately 1/3 of the size of the amphibian. Frogs spend most of their lives digging into the soil and stalking prey. Above the surface is just the head. Due to the strong and large jaws the animal is able to absorb various rodents, birds, reptiles and amphibians, the sizes of which are slightly smaller than the predator itself. This species lives in Southeast Brazil.
2. The Purple Frog(another name is purple) is on the list of the 20 most ugly animals of the Earth. This species was discovered very recently - in 2003. The lilac frog is considered a living fossil, it lives in the Western Ghats (mountain range in India). At the same time, the area of its settlement is only 14 square kilometers.
The purple frog leads a reclusive life.She spends most of her time underground, and therefore looks like a mole, and appears on the surface for only two weeks per year for mating. This happens only during the monsoon period. It feeds on this species of termites and ants, which it finds underground.
3. Vietnamese mossy frog(foxfish) its name was due to its rough skin that looks like moss or lichen bushes. This is due to the numerous spines and pimples that cover the entire body of the animal. In the name of this species can be traced habitat., This unusual frog can be found only in Vietnam. She likes to populate ponds with stagnant water, flooded caves, dilapidated buildings.
On all the toes of the amphibian paws there are round suckers, allowing it to climb into the hollows of the trees. Under natural conditions, such frogs are almost impossible to detect because of excellent camouflage. In addition, they can disorient predators with their specific voice, which is distributed at a distance of 4 meters from the animal itself.
4. Hairy froggot its name due to closely located to each other thin patches of skin, reaching a length of 1-1.5 cm and located on the sides of the trunk and hind legs.They are formed only in males during the mating period. Scientists have still not clarified the purpose of such processes. Another unusual feature of these amphibians is the ability to break the bones on the toes and pierce their skin with them, resulting in sharp claws that protect animals from predators.
You can meet such a unique copy in the western part of Central Africa.
5. Glass Froghas a brown-green color and does not differ in any way from the ordinary “kvakushi” living in our regions. However, it will suffice to see the belly of this amphibian, the skin on which is transparent as glass, and through it all the internal organs of the animal can be clearly seen, and in females even the eggs are noticeable.
In total in the world there are 151 species of glass frogs that live in South and Central America. Representatives of such amphibians have small sizes - from 3 to 7.5 cm.
6. Horrible listrolazis the most poisonous frog in the world! This tiny amphibian, reaching only 4 cm in length, is capable of killing 1,500 people with its poison. A small monkey can die in seconds.An interesting fact: a terrible leaf leaf is born harmless, but as it eats poisonous insects in its skin, poison forms and accumulates. In nature, such amphibians are most often of a bright yellow color, but there are populations with an orange or light green color.
Fortunately, a terrible listolaz inhabits a very small area, which is located in southwest Colombia.
7. Wicked shtelospinka(Baghit's frog) has an oval and slightly flattened body with a huge head. With an impending danger, the amphibian inflates its sides (becomes almost round), at the same time pulls out short legs, widely opens its rather big mouth and is ready to rush to the attacker and bite at any moment. This is where the name of the species came from. In a calm state, an evil shield-spinka looks like a “good-natured” and “sweet” wah. The habitat of amphibians is the northern part of Argentina, the east of Bolivia and the west of Paraguay.
8. Tiger FrogIt turned out to be in our top list thanks to the males, which during the mating season are transformed beyond recognition and become extraordinarily beautiful: bright yellow skin and two large throat bags of blue color do not leave any female indifferent.The habitat of these amphibians is a fairly large area, covering Afghanistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka. But also the tiger frog can be found in southern China.
9. Suriname pipaIt affects all not only unusual appearance, but also the method of reproduction. This species lives in South America. The maximum length of the torso of the Surinamese pipa can reach 20 cm, while the body is very flattened, and on the head there are barely noticeable small eyes. Because of the lack of language, the frog does not make croak, but metallic click sounds.
An unusual mating process occurs under water. Fertilized eggs enter the cells located on the back of the female. The male takes an active part in this process, he helps with his hind legs to evenly place the eggs across the female's back. After about 3 months young Surinamese pips hatch, their number can vary from 40 to 144.
10. Goliath Frogcloses our Top 10 for a reason. She is considered the largest representative of the kingdom of tailless amphibians. The length of the body of a goliath frog (excluding hind legs) is 32 cm, and its weight can reach 3 kg.These amphibians have excellent hearing and good vision, they are very careful, therefore it is extremely difficult to get close to them. At the same time, these giants are deprived of vocal cords. Goliath frogs live in Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea.
Unfortunately, most of the species represented here are on the verge of extinction. We hope that not only we, but also our descendants will admire such unique representatives of the fauna not only in photographs, but also in their natural habitat.