What are peptides?
In modern sports, very many drugs are used for the growth of muscle mass and the development of the athlete's body, as well as for the athlete to recover strength in time for the next training session. For this, various sports nutrition is developed, medications are cunningly used, and even prohibited substances like steroids are used. Among the large number of drugs in recent times very often heard the term "peptides". Many say that this is a new word in sports. However, very few people understand what peptides are, how they are synthesized, what they are for, and how they are classified.
What does the term "peptides" mean?
Peptides are special substances that are made up of molecules. These molecules in turn consist of residues of two or more amino acids. These amino acids bind to each other through a special bond, which is called "peptide". Hence the name of the substance.
Peptides are the building blocks for proteins that perform a very important function in the human body. Peptides have a positive effect on the body, preventing many diseases such as cardiovascular, digestive disorders, prevent obesity, cancer, diabetes.Peptides also excrete heavy metals and radionuclides from the body.
In sports, however, peptides perform the function of an additional building source for muscle recovery and preparation for the next workout. They help burn fat, speed up metabolic processes and help with muscle growth.
Peptides are divided into several types:
- Hormonal peptides are the hormones of the hypothalamus, pituitary, somatotropin, prolactin and other hormones.
- Neuropeptides are formed in the central and peripheral nervous systems. They regulate many processes in the body.
- Immunological hormone peptides have protective functions.
- Peptides-bioregulators that control the work of the cells of the body.
Also peptides can be divided into sizes:
- From 10-20 amino acid residues in peptides are oligopeptides.
- More than fifty amino acid residues and peptides are already converted into protein and are called polypeptides.
In medicine, peptides may have several different classifications.
How to synthesize peptides
Synthesis of peptides in the body occurs within a few minutes.Under laboratory conditions and conditions of artificial synthesis, peptides can create for days and even months. The discovery of new, revolutionary, accelerated peptide production processes can take years.
Due to the synthesis of peptides on the market today, there are so-called dietary supplements, which are used not only by athletes, but also by ordinary people to improve their well-being. Thanks to the synthesis of peptides, many drugs are created that are cheaper than the analog of the natural components.
Peptides are synthesized by separating polymer molecules into monomers and amino acid residues. At the same time, there can be not only amino acid residues in peptide molecules, but also various useless carbon residues, because the synthesis process is too complex.