What are the fabrics?

The modern market offers a huge amount of clothing made from a wide variety of fabrics. Each fabric is good in its own way, but it can also have not only advantages, but also disadvantages. At first glance, it is impossible to figure out to what extent a thing is practical. In order to understand this, it is necessary to carefully consider what and how the thing is sewn and to have an idea about the properties of different types of fabrics.

Fabric properties

The basis of any fabric are fibers, which differ in their structure, composition and properties. Fabric properties are directly dependent on the properties of the fibers that make up the material. All fabrics are divided into two types: natural and artificial fabrics. In turn, each type of fabric has a huge number of its species, which are divided depending on what this fabric is for.

Natural fabrics

Natural fabrics are of plant origin - cotton, hemp, flax and animal - wool and natural silk. They differ, first of all, in that they are not only pleasant for the body, but also very useful.Natural fabrics in winter retain the warmth of the human body, and in the summer they give the body coolness. The disadvantage of using clothes from natural fabrics is that they are not very practical to use: they crumple quickly, sit down after washing and soon lose their color. It is also worth noting that the price of natural fabrics is relatively high.


The most common natural fabrics are fabrics based on the cotton plant. From it are created such fabrics as chintz, chiffon, calico, satin and even denim (jeans). For very delicate skin, there is such a cotton fabric as a footer. Most often it is used to make clothes for babies whose skin requires special care.


Considering what fabrics are, you should not forget about flax. Linen fabric is more rigid, and in its structure small nodules are often visible, it is also one of the least elastic fabrics. The advantages are that flax very well absorbs moisture, including sweat, has high wear resistance and practically does not get dirty. Also flax combines perfectly with various fabrics. This is what attracts many buyers of clothing from flax.


Silk fabric is produced with the help of threads from silkworm insect cocoon caterpillars. Silk thread is characterized by high strength and elasticity - often diametrically opposed qualities that make silk products unique and very expensive. Silk requires careful attitude to it, and silk robes are better not to expose to the sun. After all, this is how a silk product loses its color very quickly (it burns out). In the world there are many types of silk - Lebanese, Chinese, Indian, also on the basis of silk make such fabrics as satin, crepe de Chine, chiffon and many others.


Wool is a material that is obtained from animal hair. Products made of wool are distinguished by the fact that they retain heat very well, so the main range of clothing made from this fabric is for cold seasons. Also, the wool perfectly absorbs moisture, is elastic and hardly wrinkled. The most widely used are llama, angora, alpaca, and camel and dog wool are considered to be even curative.

Chemically produced fabrics

Looking through the catalogs, what are the types of fabrics, it is necessary to pay attention to artificial and synthetic fabrics.In the manufacture of these types of matter is very closely involved science, to a greater extent - chemistry. For the first time, chemical fabric production was organized in France in 1890.

Synthetic fabrics, first of all, are distinguished by their low cost, as well as durability and resistance to damage. The most widely used polyamide, polyester, nylon and nylon. To give the product elasticity use such a chemical fiber, such as Lycra, or in other words - elastane, spandex. The fabric of the new generation today is fleece, created in the American laboratory in 1979, which is also called synthetic wool. This fabric is very popular today in cold seasons, because retains heat well, and fleece products are not only practical, but also look good.

Combined fabrics

Actual today are combined fabrics, the manufacture of which combines both various natural fibers and fibers created by chemical means. An example of what kind of fabrics from combined materials can be satin (a material created with the help of silk and polyester), velor (combination of cotton, silk and wool), velveteen, velvet.