What is a confederation?
Listing the forms of government, one can not say about the confederation. What is a confederation? This is a temporary union of sovereign states to achieve various goals.
Read more about the state forms of the device in the article What are the states.
The confederation is a transitional form of the state, which is then either converted to a federation, or disintegrated into unitary states.
Signs of Confederation
The main signs of a confederation are that each union state:
- is sovereign and has full state power;
- has its own system of government;
- has its own armed forces;
- has its own constitution and legislation system;
- has the right to secede from the confederation after achieving its goals.
At the same time, there is no single citizenship in the confederation, and decisions of the common higher coordinating authorities are carried out according to the principle of consensus. Of course, such authorities consist of delegates from sovereign states.
Also, the confederation does not have its sovereignty (it is retained by its member states). It can adopt its own constitution, but the legislative system is usually not created.
An interesting example: the official name of Switzerland is the Swiss Confederation, but in fact this state is a federation because it consists of cantons (like states in the USA), whose powers are limited by the federal constitution.
By confederation can be attributed to the European Union.