What is Buddhism?
Many are interested in what Buddhism is - religion, philosophy or lifestyle. Interestingly, the answer will always be different, since Buddhism can be viewed from different angles.
The Legend of Siddharth
For the first time about Buddhism, we learn from the legend of Siddhartha - a little boy who was destined to become enlightened. Gautama (second name of the boy) was born about 25 centuries ago in the royal family. Having found 32 signs of a “great husband” on a baby (a sign on the foot, golden skin, long fingers, etc.), the ascetic astrologer said that Siddhartha’s fate was double-digit - either he would become a good ruler of his country or a real hermit. The family closed the boy in the walls of the royal chambers so that he would never know about the grief and misfortunes that can befall people. But it so happened that Siddhartha escaped several times from the palace and learned about disease, poverty and death. Then he decided to learn how to overcome the sufferings of the earthly world and spent six years in ascetic wanderings. Seeing that this did not bring him closer to his goal, Siddhartha found a secluded place under the tree (now called the Bodhi tree, that is, Enlightenment) and went into contemplation.He sat for so many years and during that time the main truth, the Dharma, was revealed to him. That is what the Buddha’s teaching today is called. From that day on, he became the Buddha and decided to teach other people Dharma who want to know the truth. After the death of Buddha, his disciples continued to talk about enlightenment and teach their philosophy to other people. This is how the philosophy of Buddhism originated.
Laws and truths of Buddhism
Speaking of Buddhism as a religion, it should be noted that it is the earliest of the three world religions. Islam and Christianity appeared a little later. Buddhism does not belong to either polytheistic or monotheistic religions. It is precisely because people do not need to renounce other beliefs that many begin to live according to the laws of Buddhism.
India is considered the birthplace of Buddhism, where the first Buddha came from, but today this philosophy is spread all over the planet.
Much of Buddhism is the belief that a person gets what he deserves. To live well and feel great, you need to behave properly, to comply with the rules and laws. People have to constantly work on themselves in order not only to understand what Buddhism means, but also to achieve their own enlightenment. By doing the wrong things, they program their future for sickness and unhappiness.That is the law of karma. Liberation from karma is the goal toward which Buddhism leads.
What does this “Dharma doctrine” mean? It begins with the "four noblest truths."
- The first of these states that the whole life of a person is suffering and disappointment.
- The second is that the basis of the human desire to live is the thirst for pleasure.
- The third truth states that since the cause of suffering is created by the person himself, he can also eliminate it. To do this, it is enough to stop wanting.
- To learn not to desire, says the fourth law of Buddhism, you need to lead a correct lifestyle, think and act correctly.
Meditation, so popular today as a method of tranquility, also originates from Buddhism. So, to control negative emotions, thoughts and actions, Buddhists use some exercises that help correctly, and most importantly, act intelligently.
Buddha himself argued that a person should not take his word for it, but check everything on personal experience. Only then will people themselves become the guiding light. That is why, in order to fully understand what Buddhism is, one must live according to the laws and truths proposed by this philosophy.