What is GEF?
We all once went to school, but the term GEF, which has a direct relationship to modern school, is not familiar to everyone. What is GEF?
The abbreviation GEF means the Federal State Educational Standard. GEF is a set of requirements for the activities of institutions of general and vocational education. GEF has the force of law and must be respected by all educational institutions.
Why do we need a standard of education
Uniform standards of education are far from being in all, even developed countries. In the West, for a long time, parents themselves decided the question of which school to send the child to (and the programs at different schools were different). At school, the children themselves decided which subjects to study and which did not. Perhaps this was the reason for the low erudition of graduates of Western schools.
The unified GEF should provide a general educational space throughout the country, so that a schoolchild from Khanty-Mansiysk can move to St. Petersburg and easily adapt to a new school and continue their studies.
Also, educational standards provide continuity between levels of study.After graduating from one stage, a graduate must be prepared to enter another.
Features of the modern GEF in Russia
Modern GEF is called the standard of the second generation. He began to develop in 2009. What is the essence of the GEF? Compared with the standards of the first generation in the new standard, many radical changes. The old standards presented only requirements for a minimum of knowledge and skills that students should learn in school, and requirements for maximum academic workload.
GEF of the second generation consists of three parts:
- Requirements for the results of the development of the educational program. Moreover, the emphasis here is not on the amount of knowledge and skills, but on mastering the so-called universal training skills, that is, the ability to independently obtain the necessary information using modern technologies and interacting with other people. The standard also formulates the expected learning outcomes in specific educational areas and describes the qualities that must be formed among graduates (love of country, respect for the law, tolerance, the desire for a healthy lifestyle, etc.).
- Requirements for the structure of the main educational program. Listed educational areas that must necessarily be studied in school (philology, social sciences, mathematics and computer science, science, physical education, ecology and OBZH). Much attention is paid to extracurricular activities in the form of circles, studios, Olympiads, etc. Now every lesson should pass through the GEF.
- Requirements for the conditions of implementation of the educational program. Prescribed requirements for the financing of education, the professional level and competence of teachers, as well as the material and technical base of the school (water, heat, lighting, sewage, equipment of classrooms, workshops, dressing rooms, toilets, canteens, equipment of schools with modern technology, school sites and so on).