What is globalization?
The term "globalization" is associated with the English sociologist Roland Robertson, who in 1985 gave an interpretation of this concept. Despite the fact that the first features of globalization can be traced from ancient times, this process has been tirelessly moving, evolving along with the development of countries and relations between them. Let us take a closer look at what globalization is.
Globalization is the process by which global political, economic, cultural, as well as religious integration and unification takes place.
Globalization affects different processes:
- Historians believe that globalization is the immediate stage in the development of capitalism.
- Economists view globalization as a process affecting the transnationalization of financial markets.
- From the point of view of political scientists, globalization is seen as a process that influences the spread of democratic organizations.
- Culturologists are studying globalization as an assistant in the spread of American economic expansion, as well as westernization, that is, the spread of Western values to other types of cultures.
Anti-globalists, as well as some politicians (for example, Hugo Chavez), scientists, economists (Joseph Stiglitz) criticize globalization. In their opinion, the process of globalization affects the destruction of industry, contributes to the growth of unemployment and poverty, worsens the state of ecology and inhibits scientific and technical progress.