What is justice

In the framework of modern philosophical concepts and theories, justice is quite uniquely defined as the concept of the order of things, containing the definitions and requirements of proper correspondences of ethical, moral, social and other essences. Such entities can be relationships between specific people, groups of people, social classes, etc. It can be human actions, their results and rewards for the actions committed, as well as various kinds of orders, traditions, approaches, methods.
Reasonable and natural correspondence between entities and groups of entities (for example, between the measure of guilt and the severity of punishment, the amount of perfect labor and payment for it) is called justice. Unreasonable, unbalanced conformity or the absence of such correspondences (impunity, social inequality, etc.) is perceived as an injustice.
The concept of justice was singled out, formed and described by ancient philosophers.The ancient Greek and ancient Oriental philosophy puts the deepest meaning into it, considering justice as a reflection of the fundamental principles and laws of the existence of the universe. Modern science confirms this in part. Thus, neurobiology identifies the parts of the brain that are directly responsible for the emergence of a sense of justice. Genetics argue that justice is a product of human evolution, one of the factors of natural selection at the level of survival of ancient communities (tribes committed to the principles of a fair existence, received a more dynamic development).
According to the philosophical interpretation of the concept of justice, it is customary to divide it into two types. A similar division was introduced by Aristotle and is still in use. Equal justice puts forward the requirement of equivalence of measures of entities that are objects of relations of equal individuals (for example, the equivalence of the value of the object of its real value, the equivalence of payment to perfect work). Distributive justice declares the concept of a reasonable proportional distribution of material resources, goods, rights, etc. according to any objective criteria.This type of equity requires a regulator - an individual engaged in distribution.