What is liquorice?

Ksenia Gaynulina
Ksenia Gaynulina
November 21, 2014
What is liquorice?

Licorice is a perennial plant widely known in Russia as licorice, it grows in Europe, Asia, the Near Abroad and in Russia. Licorice root has a characteristic sweetish taste, caused by the presence of a large amount of sucrose, fructose, glucose and maltose. It can be up to 5 meters long. Contains a huge amount of organic and phenol carboxylic acids and their derivatives; tannins, resins, essential oil, flavonoids and more than 60% polysaccharides. Because of its rich composition, liquorice is widespread.

Use in medicine

The history of using licorice as a medicinal plant has more than 5 thousand years. It is widely used in the East, in particular in China and Tibet. Had wide medical use and gained distribution up to ancient Egypt. It was considered a plant of longevity and had the widest use. Clinically proven expectorant, diuretic and laxative actions of licorice.In modern medicine it is used as an anti-inflammatory agent, it is included in the composition of medicines used to treat the upper respiratory tract, and also as a laxative. In addition, it has recently become known that licorice provides real assistance in the treatment of gastritis and gastric and duodenal ulcers.

Use in cooking

In cooking, it is used as a sugar substitute. Widely used for the preparation of both soft and alcoholic beverages. It is used in the manufacture of many desserts, including the famous Finnish sweets and canning products. It is also considered an antioxidant, and with the aim of bringing free radicals in the east is used in the composition of many dishes.

Other applications

It is also used in metallurgy, in dyeing wool, as ink for writing, as part of a filler for fire extinguishers, for flavoring tobacco and in the production of nicotine-free cigarettes.