What is a man?
In the article we will talk about what a person is from the point of view of various sciences: psychology, philosophy, biology. And let's start with a philosophical approach.
What is a man - the definition of philosophy
Do you know what the main stimulus to the development of philosophical thought? I think you have already guessed: it is, of course, the desire of a person to know himself. "Know yourself" or ????? ??????? (in Greek it reads / gnaukhi seauton /) - this maxim, carved on the wall of an ancient temple, has long haunted most of the thinking population. And really, how to determine who we are? Only philosophy is interested in the true essence of a person, and not in particular, related to what a person is in terms of medicine and biology (organism), psychology (psyche), sociology (individual in society) and other sciences. All these are only separate aspects of the human personality, but what the person as a whole is is, there is no definite answer to this question. But to make you not so sad, I’ll give you a real story that happened to one journalist who was trying to interview a Buddhist monk.
The editor instructed one journalist to interview some saintly person, asking him what was happening to the world and what was the worst thing in life. Without thinking, he went to a Buddhist monastery. Walking along the shore of the pond, the journalist noticed one of the monks looking into the water. Having been delighted, the journalist approached him, greeted him and asked about the problem of interest to him, what is the most terrible thing in life. The monk was silent for a bit and asked in reply: “Who are you?”. The journalist was surprised, but called his name. Then the monk said: “So your parents called you, but who are YOU?” The journalist replied: “I am a journalist.” The monk smiled and said: “This is your profession, and who are YOU?”. The journalist replied: “I am a man!” The monk smiled again and said: “This is your species, and now tell me who you are?” The journalist was confused and could not find the answer. Then the monk, after some silence, remarked seriously: “Here! The worst thing in life is not knowing who you are ... ". It is possible to interpret his answer in different ways, but one thing is certain: a person is a combination of all that we understand by the word “person”. This is a name, a profession, a view, and much more.But, according to sages and philosophers, a person is not exhausted by personality, that is, by a set of social / mental / biological and other roles.
What is man - the definitions of other sciences
Turning to more practical sciences, we, respectively, simplify definitions. From the point of view of psychology, a person is an individual person, that is, a set of certain psychological traits (temperament, character, etc.). Also, man, according to psychologists, is the highest step in the evolution of living beings, because people have the ability to think in the abstract.