What is patrology
Patorology is part of the body of disciplines studied at theological seminaries or religious institutions of higher education. Patrology is the science of the works of the holy fathers and teachers of the Church. The etymology of the word is quite simple - the ancient Greek word patros is translated as “father”, and logos means “word”. It turns out that the literal translation of patrology is “the word about the holy fathers”.
Patrology studies life, the main feats of many prominent figures of the Church. In addition to the holy people, the so-called teachers of the Church are in the field of the study of patrology. They may be people who are not canonized in Christianity, but are known for their important works according to the teachings of the Christian Church.
Otherwise, patrology can be called the history of ancient Christian literature. For example, the creations of the Christians of the first centuries are subject to investigation. In addition to the books of the New Testament, Sacred Tradition includes several other works attributed to the holy apostles. One of these books is the Didachi (Teaching of the Twelve Apostles).One more ancient written sources which are studied by patrologists are the messages of the apostolic husbands. The latter are known as direct disciples of the holy apostles. Men of the Apostles are famous for their messages to various Christian communities, as well as for their holy pious life. Many of the men of the apostles were martyred.
Patrology studies the literature of the holy fathers who lived even after the first centuries of the formation of Christianity. So, the literature of those authors who have been glorified in the face of saints more recently may be subjected to research.
The main thing in studying the works of the holy fathers and teachers of the Church is not only the interpretation of the meaning of the writings, but also the study of the prerequisites for writing a particular treatise.