What is prosyanka and how to cure it?
Cosmetic defects are a common problem. They cause a lot of trouble, especially when they appear on the face. One of these uninvited guests is the prosyanka - small white pimples. Sometimes, of course, it can disappear as suddenly as it appeared, but in most cases it requires treatment.
Prosyanka, or scientifically milia, is small, subcutaneous formations of white color, which in form and form really resemble millet grains. Often they can be seen on the faces of newborns. In this case, this is a normal physiological process, and they will pass with time.
But, unfortunately, adults are also not immune from their appearance. It's not acne and not inflammation. Previously it was thought that subcutaneous fat was inside the milium, because they were often called “Wen.” But over time, it turned out that this assumption is wrong, and inside the formations there is keratin.
What could be the reason for the appearance of the patron saint? There is no exact answer to this question.But there is a group of factors that, with a high probability, can provoke its appearance:
- Violation of hormonal background. In particular, we are talking about sex hormones. Milia can appear during adolescence, during pregnancy and menopause due to hormonal imbalance.
- Exposure to UV rays. They contribute to the thickening of the upper layers of the dermis, thereby preventing time to peel off dead cells. They, in turn, are the cause of the appearance of white formations.
- Problems with the digestive tract. Improper diet, junk food, diseases of the liver, pancreas, stomach appear, including on the skin, which loses beneficial substances.
- Cosmetic procedures. It would seem that they are carried out for the benefit, but sometimes chemical peels and dermabrasion can quite provoke the formation of miliums. This can also contribute to the use of certain cosmetics. For example, too fat and dense creams, tonal bases.
- Dermatological diseases and injuries.
Such formations can be under the skin for a long time without causing discomfort. But can and bother painful sensations.In any case, you will need to consult a dermatologist, who will conduct an inspection and will announce the need for therapeutic measures.
How to get rid?
If prosyanka appears not for the first time, experts recommend not to delay treatment. What to do in this case?
First of all, understand that trying to squeeze them out or remove them is impossible. There is a risk of injury to the sebaceous glands and hair follicles, as well as the appearance of acne and inflammation.
The dermatologist can help to remove miliums by means of special tools, having estimated thus depth of their arrangement.
They do this, as a rule, with the help of curettage, which open the formation and remove its contents. But this method is not entirely safe, as it can leave small, long-healing wounds.
More modern methods are electrocoagulation, exposure to radio waves and a laser. The only drawback in this case is the appearance of crusts on problem areas, which take place in 1-2 weeks.
Retinoid ointments can also be used to treat the manifestations of the grass.
But in case you don't trust medical methods,You can always use the popular recipes. Here are the most effective ones:
- Kalina. Fresh berries need to squeeze out the juice and wipe problem areas with it. You can also make a mask by adding a little oatmeal to the juice. Apply it for 45 minutes, then rinse with warm water.
- Cucumber. Grate fresh pulp, pour a mixture of water and milk (1: 1). Insist at least 4 hours, then apply on a fabric mask and apply on face. The duration of the procedure is 20 minutes.
- Pumpkin. Grated, you need to mix it with sour cream, and apply the resulting mask on your face for 15 minutes.
Folk remedies have a fairly high efficiency, but caution in the application never hurts.