What is the first aid for an injury to the scalp

Head injuries are the most severe types of injuries; medical care should be taken extremely carefully. The victim can not be lifted and taken to the hospital on their own, you need to call an ambulance.

The state of the victim and features of first aid in injuries of the scalp

Human well-being depends on the degree of damage to the cranial box and brain. If the injury of the hairy part is accompanied by a concussion, then the following symptoms appear: dizziness, nausea, vomiting, pallor of the skin, loss of consciousness, cold sweat, sometimes there are irregularities in the heart, breathing is difficult.
In traumatic brain injury, there is severe bleeding and the appearance of CSF (light-colored fluid) from the ears and nose.
Remember that even if a person has hit his head and the damage to the hairy part is minor, and the victim does not complain about anything, you need to call an ambulance anyway,Symptoms of concussion may appear only after a few hours.

How to provide first aid?

When such injuries need to adhere to a specific algorithm and act carefully so as not to complicate the patient's condition. If the victim is unconscious, you need to check the pulse. If heartbeats are absent, give artificial respiration.
After the pulse and breathing are checked, you can proceed to the next stage of first aid - turn the person on his side so that he does not choke on his tongue or vomit. A victim who is conscious should not be allowed to sit or stand on his feet.
To stop the bleeding, you need to put a sterile gauze bandage on your head. Prior to this, you can gently lubricate the scalp with iodine or brilliant green, but only if there is no fracture of the skull. Do not wash the wound on your own! This can lead to infection of the skull and the development of dangerous diseases.
If there are foreign objects in the open wound of the scalp, you cannot touch them. To avoid bleeding, they make a special bandage: cotton wool is rolled into a long strip, wrapped in a bandage and gently laid around the wound, then covered with a sterile napkin.
After providing first aid to the victim, it is necessary to ensure peace, it cannot be turned over, independently transported or transferred to another place.